Treatment choices for lung mesothelioma will depend on several factors, such as the stage of cancer, your other medical conditions, and general fitness.
Regrettably, lung mesothelioma can be really tough to cure because it is frequently discovered in its advanced stages. Almost every treatment for lung mesothelioma is intended to control cancer for the possible period and keeping its symptoms controlled. You may undergo chemotherapy as an attempt to shrink the lung mesothelioma and minimize symptoms. For people who have early lung mesothelioma, surgery may be an option, followed by radiotherapy, chemotherapy or both.
Chemotherapy makes use of anti-cancer medicines, which for lung mesothelioma are normally injected in a vein. It can be used to keep symptoms under control in the most advanced cases of lung mesothelioma which may not be surgically removed. The treatment can also help in slowing down the progress of the disease. If you obtain surgery for your early stage lung mesothelioma, it’s likely for you to also have chemotherapy prior to surgery or thereafter.
Radiotherapy is normally given to minimize the symptoms of lung mesothelioma in stages 2, 3 and 4. It can also delay the tumor’s growth. Radiotherapy is occasionally given after the fluid has already been drained from the lungs. This is done to try stopping new growths of lung mesothelioma growing in the scars on the chest wall. In case a patient gets surgery for his stage 1 lung mesothelioma, he may also have radiotherapy after the surgery in an attempt to prevent the return of the cancer or to delay such return as much as possible.
Surgery may be performed to attempt to completely take out localized lung mesothelioma. Two main kinds of surgery can be used for this purpose. The first is Pleurectomy which means taking out the pleura around the lungs but the lungs are left behind. If what you have been a stage 1 lung mesothelioma, neurectomy may be performed to eliminate cancer. If what you have been a more advanced lung mesothelioma, neurectomy may delay its growth and also help relieve its symptoms. The second kind of operation is Extrapleural pneumonectomy, which is a more extensive surgery and is only suitable for people with lung mesothelioma in its early stages. In Extrapleural pneumonectomy, the diaphragm, pleura, and pericardium are all removed along with the lung affected by lung mesothelioma. This operation may allow some patients to survive longer when done in conjunction with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Extrapleural pneumonectomy is only feasible on the condition that the patient is sufficiently fit and has normal lung and heart function. Otherwise, the operation can not be performed as it may prove to be more dangerous for the patient.
Unfortunately, lung mesothelioma is frequently diagnosed only when it is already advanced. Some individuals with really advanced lung mesothelioma may be much too sick to cope with the treatments. However, they may still undergo treatment if only to relieve the symptoms of lung mesothelioma. This is referred to as palliative treatment.